俄媒:发展机械手是中国工业龙头地位唯一保障

俄罗斯国际文传电讯社12月10日文章,原题:机器人将取代中国人 
       一向以大量而低廉著称的中国劳动力不再“廉价”。加快发展工业机械手是保持中国工业龙头地位的唯一出路。 
  摩根斯坦利银行为挽救中国经济放缓和丧失竞争力找到了一剂良方,即使用工业机械手来代替劳动力。工业机械化是推进中国工业走上良性循环是巨大推动力,此举也将大幅缓和中国人口老龄化所带来的社会问题。
  目前,中国经济明显不处于最佳状体,这个国家正逐渐失去自身最重要的竞争优势——廉价劳动力。尽管工资有所增长,工作环境也有改善,但专家预测,由于计划生育政策影响,未来几年中国劳动力将持续缩减。
  专家指出,中国必须进入机械手生产时代。第一、近年来,中国劳动力工资上涨速度加快,各地罢工屡见不鲜。第二、社会与人口问题加剧。中国劳动力“活力”下降,出现“返乡潮”现象,不少劳动力不再愿意离开家乡到大城市工作。与此同时,中国人口老龄化现象加重。 
  摩根斯坦利专家认为,这些现状将促使中国企业进入工业机械化生产时代。他们指出,同样的情况在1970年至1980年期间出现在日本和韩国。专家预计,中国工业机械手市场产值到2020年将从现今的12亿美元增长到60亿美元,到那时中国即将进入工业化生产新阶段。

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